About Ghana

Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea, only a few degrees north of Equator. It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south. 

About Republic of Ghana
Capital Accra
Official language(s) English
Area 238,535 km2
Population (2012 estimate) 24.6 milion
Currency Ghana cedi (GHS)
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
Drives on the right
Calling code +233

The Ghanaian people comprise ethnic elements, diverse in their personality, historical and cultural backgrounds, welded effectively into a unitary state. Currently, the population is estimated at about 24.6 million (2012), with an average annual growth rate of 1.78 percent (2012 est.). The predominantly vivacious spirit of the people is clearly manifested in some of the ethnic groups in their music and dance, as well as the proverbial Ghanaian hospitability radiating in the welcoming smiles on the faces of the people.

Ghana is divided into 10 administrative regions, subdivided into a total of 170 districts. 

The regions are: 

Ashanti - capital Kumasi

Brong Ahafo - capital Sunyani

Central - capital Cape Coast

Eastern - capital Koforidua

Greater Accra - capital Accra

Northern - capital Tamale

Upper East - Bolgatanga

Upper West - capital Wa

Volta - capital Ho

Western - capital Sekondi-Takoradi


The climate is tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and comparatievly dry, the southwest corner is hot and humid, and the north is hot and dry. There are two main seasons in Ghana: the wet and the dry seasons. Northern Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to November while the south (including the capital Accra) experiences the season from April to mid-November. In tropical Ghana, temperatures average a pleasant 21°C (70-90°F). 


As a former British colony, English is the official language and is widely spoken throughout Ghana. In addition to English, over 30 other languages are spoken.

Currency / Banking hours

The "cedi" is the unit of currency in Ghana. Commercial foreign exchange bureaus are widely available. 

Banks open from 8.30am to 2pm (3pm on Fridays) on weekdays. Some branches of Barclays and Standard Chartered Banks open on Saturdays from 10.30am to 12.30pm. However, most banks now operate ATM. For cash advances, Barclays Bank accept VISA and MasterCard. 

Entry requirements

A passport and visa are required. Evidence of immunization for yellow fever and cholera is also required. Travelers should obtain the latest information and details from the nearest Ghanaian embassy or consulate. 

Click here for the list of Embassies around the world.